Our Optometry team have created a Unique Operating System (UOS) that details a quality standard for our consultations. We call it our 35 Point Eye Test and these 35 points are listed below.

  1. Case History
  2. Motility
  3. Cover test
  4. NPC
  5. Pupils
  6. PD
  7. UVA (D&N)
  8. VA with specs
  9. Phorias with own specs
  10. Retinoscopy
  11. Subjective Refraction
  12. VA R&L
  13. Binocular Balance
  14. Phorias with new refraction
  15. Near Add
  16. Near Phoria
  17. Trial Frame
  18. Slit Lamp
  19. Lids and lashes
  20. External adnexae
  21. External adnexae
  22. Conjunctiva
  23. Corneas
  24. AC/angles
  25. Lens
  26. Fundoscopy
  27. C/D ratio
  28. Disc margins
  29. Macula
  30. Vessels
  31. Periphery
  32. Photos
  33. Diagnosis
  34. Management
  35. Advice

The important first part of an eye examination (any consultation for that matter) is to create a Case History.  Your optometrist will collect information regarding the history of your eyes and vision as well as any general health issues, medication, allergies and family history which can impact on risk factors for the health of your eyes and your vision.

The next collection of tests are a few short preliminary tests. These are designed to check your pupil reactions and to ensure your eye muscles are all working correctly. This will involve shining some lights in your eyes, asking you to move your eyes and covering and uncovering your eyes.

Your vision in the distance without spectacles will be measured. The optometrist will then work out your distance prescription to see if any lenses will help you see more clearly. You will be asked which lenses are clearest. Once this has been determined the optometrist will also measure your prescription for near work, including for reading and the computer if you use one. This is similar to the distance testing. The optometrist will also check that your eyes are co-ordinated well in your new prescription.

After the spectacle prescription (if any) has been determined the optometrist will examine the health of your eyes. Local anaesthetic and orange drops will be used so that the optometrist can measure the pressure in your eyes and have a look at the front surface of your eyes. An increase in the pressure in your eyes makes glaucoma more likely. The optometrist will also use a slit lamp to shine some light on the front of your eyes to examine the structures there including the cornea, conjunctiva, iris and lens.

It is also important to check the health of the inside of the back of your eyes; including you macula, retina and optic nerve. To do this your optometrist needs a good view in through your pupils so they may need to be dilated. If your pupils are dilated you will notice things are fuzzy and glary for an hour or so after your test so we recommend you don’t drive whilst your eyes are affected. Photographs will also be taken of your retina so that it can be documented and any future changes noted.

Lastly, your optometrist will explain the outcome of your eye examination and let you know if eye exercises, glasses, contact lenses or further examination such as visual field tests or OCT examinations are needed and why.

While nearly all of our services are covered by Medicare they are no longer Bulk-Billed.

As a result, for a full comprehensive consultation up to 30 minutes your minimum out of pocket cost will be $20. Once you’ve made payment in full on the day we can process your Medicare rebate immediately through Medicare Online and it will be deposited to your nominated bank account, usually within 1/2 an hour, leaving you with that $20 out of pocket cost.

Specialist tests, such as: Lacrimal Lavage, Corneal Topography and OCT (Ocular Coherence Tomography) are to be patient funded, included in the fee schedule below.

Full Cost Min out of Pocket
Comprehensive Initial up to 30mins $77.70 $20*
Brief Initial/Subsequent up to 20 mins $38.90 $10*
Comprehensive Initial LONG up to 45mins $87.80 $30*
Visual Fields HFA $68.80 (rebate $57.70)
Corneal Topography (per eye) $38.00
Lacrimal Lavage (per eye) $38.00
OCT scan (one eye) $49.00
OCT Scan (both eyes) $84.00

*Reduced fees apply for most concession holders and school age children. Veterans Affairs will continue to be Bulk-Billed.

With approximately 1 in 5 Australian children either suffering from an undetected vision problem or requiring ongoing assessment, it is important to be aware of the possible signs of a vision problem to give every child the best chance of reaching their full potential^. Because their eyesight changes rapidly as they grow, detecting any vision problems early can prevent future complications occurring. It can also assist your child’s development and learning. So it’s important to have their eyes checked regularly from an early age.

Vision is one of the most precious senses for a new baby. More is learnt about the world through sight than through all other senses combined. At birth, a baby’s eyes are generally examined for signs of major defects.

The first eye examination can be at 6 months. The goal of this examination is to detect any eye health or visual problem that would affect the normal development of the visual system. High refractive error (eg long-sightedness) could result in an eye turn (squint) and subsequent lazy eye (amblyopia). The best time for the 6-month eye test is when the baby is relaxed and calm. After the morning feed is probably ideal.

It is recommended that a child has a full eye examination before they start school. How easily a child can see their long distance and close vision school work can influence how well they learn through their visual system. At this examination, emphasis is on testing visual efficiency skills and visual analysis skills so that poor vision is not a stumbling block to first of all “learning to read” and later “reading to learn”.

Appointments first thing in the morning are preferred for primary school age children so that their performance in the eye test is not reduced because they are tired after a full day at school.

^ Source of statistics Optometry Australia

What happens during a child’s eye examination? 

Many children who come in for their first eye examination tend to be quite nervous as they are not sure what to expect. This is particularly the case for children with autism, as they can suffer with anxiety in an unfamiliar environment.

Vision training is a course of prescribed activities, tailored for the individual and designed to improve poorly developed vision and visual processing skills. Your Optometrist will prescribe a vision training plan to help improve things like eye movement control, eye focusing, eye coordination and visual analysis skills. Many of our Optometrists use vision training as part of their treatment plans.

Many spectacle wearers spend years unaware that they are suitable for contact lenses. Our qualified Optometrists will fit you with the most appropriate contact lenses for your prescription and lifestyle.

Contact lenses are available to correct both distance, near and multifocal prescriptions, as well as for patients with astigmatism. We will help you find the right contact lens to suit your specific needs.

Diabetes affects many parts of the eye.  Early in the disease, there are often no signs or symptoms.  Symptoms of diabetes may be blurred, fluctuating vision, double vision or flashes and floaters.  Diabetes may also contribute to the development of cataracts and glaucoma.  The most serious complication of diabetes is diabetic retinopathy.  The risk of developing diabetic retinopathy is greater if diabetes has been present for a long time or blood sugar levels are not well controlled.  Other risk factors include smoking, poor diet and elevated blood pressure.  To reduce the risk of developing diabetic retinopathy, it is important to control your blood sugar levels as much as possible.

As part of your eye examination your optometrist may need to put dilating eye-drops in when checking for diabetic retinopathy.  They will probably photograph your retina for comparison at your next eye examination.  In early stages, diabetic retinopathy is monitored with regular eye examinations.  If more severe diabetic retinopathy is suspected, your optometrist will refer you to an ophthalmologist for treatment.  If needed, the ophthalmologist may use laser to treat the leaking blood vessels.  In some cases, eye surgery may be required.

Treatment for diabetic retinopathy aims to prevent further damage to the eye and keep the best vision for as long as possible.  Usually surgery cannot restore vision that has been lost.  It is important to remember that early detection and if necessary, treatment are the best way to reduce the risk of vision loss from diabetic retinopathy.

Speak to one of our Optometrists to learn more about managing your eye health if you are living with diabetes.

Glaucoma is an eye condition which is characterised by damage to the optic nerve and retina, causing progressive vision loss. Glaucoma develops gradually, without pain or any noticeable symptoms, making it difficult to diagnose until it has begun to permanently damage your vision. Right now, 50% of people with glaucoma remain undiagnosed.*

The good news is that glaucoma can be detected early as part of a standard eye test. We utilise Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT), a non-invasive imaging test to detect glaucoma. OCT uses light waves to take cross-sectional images of your retina. OCT allows the optometrist to see each of the retina’s distinctive layers, which can be used to map and measure their thickness. The retinal nerve fibre layer thickness measurements help with the diagnosis of glaucoma. Studies have shown that OCT technology can detect glaucomatous damage up to 8 years before vision loss .^

For optimum eye health, it’s recommended that everyone over the age of 40 have their eyes tested every two years.

* Tunnel Vision. The economic impact of Open Angle Glaucome, Centre for Eye Research Australia, 2008
Kuang TM et al. Ophthalmology 2015. Oct;122(10):2002-9. doi: 10.1016/j.ophtha.2015.06.015. Epub 2015 Jul 18.

For some of us, refractive surgery can be a great option. It’s important that laser surgery is undertaken by an expert who understands your eye health history. Our Optometrists have a great relationship with your local ophthalmologists and will make sure you get the right referral with a surgeon who suits your needs. We can also provide aftercare, following your surgery.

Macular degeneration is a condition that causes progressive damage to the macular, the light sensitive tissue at the back of the eye. Macular degeneration is the leading cause of blindness in Australia and will affect 1 in 7 people over the age of 50 and the incidence increases with age*. Those with early macular degeneration may have no noticeable symptoms but the disease can cause central vision loss if not treated early.

Early detection of macular degeneration is aided by having regular eye tests. We utilise Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT), a non-invasive imaging test to detect macular degeneration. OCT uses light waves to take cross-sectional images of your retina. OCT allows the Optometrist to see each of the retina’s distinctive layers and pick up early signs of macular degeneration, which can include fatty deposits known as drusen, pigment cell disruption or leaking blood or fluid.

For optimum eye health, it’s recommended that everyone over the age of 40 have their eyes tested every two years.

* Source: Macular Disease Foundation

Optometrists are able to diagnose and manage a number of ocular conditions including age related macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy and glaucoma. Our practices are equipped with state of the art equipment such as optical coherence tomography which allows us to diagnose these conditions earlier and monitor them more effectively. Many of our Optometrists are also therapeutically endorsed which allows them to treat a number of infective and inflammatory eye conditions with topical medications such as antibiotics and steroids.